Orthodontia is basically a term used for the specialty field or branch of dentistry that is also called as orthodontics or dentofacial orthopedics. The term orthodontics comes from the Greek words, orthos which means correct or straight, and odont which means tooth. This specific specialty field of dentistry is basically designed to deal with the correction, diagnosis and prevention of any improper positioning or malposition of the jaws and the teeth. The teeth that are crooked and do not fit together in a correct manner are definitely harder to keep clean; can cause extra stress on the chewing muscles which may lead to temporomandibular joint or TMJ syndrome, neck pain, shoulder pain, back pain, and headaches; and at risk of losing the teeth early due to periodontal disease and tooth decay.
The one who has the skills and the knowledge and specializes in the branch of dentistry called as orthodontics is typically called as an orthodontist, and to become one include graduating or finishing a dental degree and undergoing a special training program approved by the ADA. The people who needs to seek the help and the dental services of an orthodontist are the ones who are suffering from overbite, which is also called as buck teeth and it is where their upper front teeth lie too far forward or stick out over their lower teeth; crowding, wherein they have too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate; spacing, wherein there are spaces or gaps between their teeth; misplaced midline, wherein the center of their upper front teeth are unaligned with the center of their lower front teeth; underbite, wherein their teeth is in bulldog appearance; crossbite, wherein their upper teeth does not come down slightly in front of their lower teeth when biting; and open bite, refers to the space between the biting surfaces of their side and front area when the back teeth are biting together.
Some of the common treatments done by the orthodontist to their patients includes the use of the removable appliances and fixed appliances, and this can affect the growth of the jaws, help move the teeth and retrain the muscles of their mouth. There are basically three types of fixed appliances used by a certified or licensed orthodontist, namely the braces, which is recognized as the most common fixed appliances used by the orthodontist and it consists of wires, brackets, and bands; the special fixed appliances, which is being used to control tongue thrusting or thumb sucking and these are being attached to the teeth with the use of bands; and the fixed space maintainers, which can be used to keep the space open until the eruption of the permanent teeth. There are seven kinds of removable appliances used by the orthodontist and that includes the headgear, the aligners, the removable space maintainers, the removable retainers, the palatal expander, the lip and cheek bumpers, and the jaw repositioning appliances.Short Course on Professionals – What You Need To Know